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How to Build a Feral Pig Trap

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Written by Bert Holopaw   

Feral pigs have invaded many parts of the US. A feral pig destroys natural vegetation and displaces native animals. Many states consider feral pigs livestock and allow the owner of the property to trap them. Feral pig traps can be custom built to fit the individual property's needs.

1) Identify the best spot for the trap. Look for areas with fresh pig sign -- rooting, wet mud caked to the sides of trees along game trails, scat -- near a wood lot or swamp. Follow the largest trail into the woods 20 to 30 yards. Find a small clearing a short distance from the trail.

2) Dig four holes 3-feet deep with a post-hole digging tool. The holes should form a  3-foot by 8-foot, or larger, triangle. Long narrow traps work best. Dig the holes so that one narrow side faces the pig trail. Set a 4X4 post into each hole. Back fill the dirt around each post. Suitable trees can be substituted for post holes.

3) Make a railing around the perimeter of the trap with 2X4 wood boards. The top of the railing should be 36 inches above the ground. The railing stiffens the pig trap. 

4) Roll a section of 5-foot wide chain-link fencing across the floor of the pig trap. The fencing must extend past each wall by 1 foot.  Cut the corners of the floor to fit around the corner posts. A chain-link floor prevents the feral hogs from tunneling out of the pig trap. The fencing can be cut with wire cutters.

5) Install chain-link fencing on three walls. The fencing should extend unbroken across the two long walls and the short wall on the opposite side of the pig trail. Position the fencing so that its top edge finishes on the railing and fold its bottom edge toward the center of the trap along the floor. Nail the top of the fencing to the railing. Nail the fencing to each post. Use wire ties to secure the bottom of the walls to the floor. When complete, the three walls and the floor must be solid.

6) Cut a piece of sheetmetal or plywood for the door. Measure the distance between corner posts and the distance between the bottom of the railing and the floor. Subtract 1/2-inch from the width measurement and add 2 inches to the length. A narrow door will not hang-up on the corner posts and a long door will not swing in both directions.

7) Attach the door to the front railing with door hinges and screws. Position the door so that it swings in toward the center of the trap.When complete a feral hog can enter the trap, but once the door closes the hog cannot escape.

8) Bait the trap with a corn/slop mixture. Place the majority of the bait in the trap on the opposite side as the door. create a path with the bait from the pig trail to the door. The smell created by rotting slop will attract feral pigs. Corn to a pig is like candy to a kid; once they find it they will always come back for more.

It may take a few days for the feral pigs to visit the trap. Pigs have an accute scence of smell and the odors left behind while building the hog trap may linger for as little as 1 day and last upto a week, depending on weather conditions. Bait should be added once per week. For the best results only visit the trap in the middle of the day and always wear clean rubber boots.

Always check local and state regulations before building a feral pig trap. Wildlife laws are not the same everywhere and what is legal in Florida may not be legal in California., or even between cities in the same state. Pay attention to the laws regarding "Baiting."


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